Mainz is a beautiful city located in the west of Germany on the Rhine River. It is the capital of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate and has a population of around 200,000 people. The city is well-known for its culture, wine, and architecture. If you're planning a trip to Mainz, be sure to add these must-see places to your itinerary!
1. Visit the Mainz Cathedral
Mainz Cathedral is a sight to behold. This Gothic masterpiece is one of the largest and most ornate cathedrals in Germany, and its history is as fascinating as its architecture.
The Cathedral was built in the 12th and 13th centuries on the site of an earlier Romanesque cathedral. Construction began in 1175 under the direction of Archbishop Conrad III, and the cathedral was consecrated in 1356.
The exterior of the cathedral is characterized by its striking façade, which is decorated with statues of saints, kings, and prophets. The interior is no less impressive, with a beautiful nave, high ceilings, and stained glass windows.
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2. Visit the Gutenberg Museum
Located in the city where Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press in the 15th century, the museum is dedicated to the history of printing and bookmaking. Here's a peek at what you can expect to see on your visit.
The Gutenberg Museum is housed in a building that dates back to 1790. It was originally built as a residence for Elector Carl Theodor von Dalberg but was converted into a museum dedicated to Johannes Gutenberg and his invention in 1900.
Today, it houses more than 200,000 items related to printing, bookmaking, and papermaking—including some of Gutenberg's original tools and equipment.
One of the highlights of the museum is the 42-line Bible mentioned earlier. This incredible book is on display behind glass so that visitors can appreciate its beauty up close without risking damage to this priceless artifact.
Other notable items on display include early examples of books, newspapers, and manuscripts; Medieval printing blocks; and 19th-century lithography presses.
The museum also has an extensive collection of works by Albrecht Dürer—one of Europe's most famous Renaissance artists—who spent part of his childhood living in Mainz. In addition to Dürer's artwork, you'll also find rotating exhibitions featuring work by other local artists.
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3. Visit the Museum of Ancient Seafaring
This museum is dedicated to the history of seafaring and offers visitors a chance to explore the ancient world through the lens of maritime trade and exploration.
The museum's collection includes artifacts from shipwrecks, ancient ports, and even a replica of a Roman merchant ship.
In addition to its impressive collection of maritime artifacts, the Museum of Ancient Seafaring also offers a variety of educational programs and events. Visitors can take part in hands-on activities, such as building a replica boat or learning how to tie knots. The museum also offers lectures and workshops on topics related to maritime history and archaeology.
If you're looking for an unforgettable travel experience, then be sure to add the Museum of Ancient Seafaring to your list!
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4. Visit St. Stephan's Church
St. Stephan's Church was first built in 975 AD, making it one of the oldest churches in Germany. It was originally constructed as a Romanesque basilica, but over the centuries it has undergone many changes.
The church was destroyed by fires in 1181 and 1284, and then again by Allied bombing during the Second World War. Each time it was rebuilt, slightly differently than before. The result is a church that is part Romanesque, part Gothic, and part Baroque. In other words, it is a true mishmash of architectural styles!
When you visit St. Stephan's Church, there are a few things that you definitely don't want to miss. First of all, be sure to take a look at the beautiful stained glass windows. The windows were added during the Gothic period and depict scenes from the Bible. They are truly works of art!
Another highlight of the church is the astronomical clock on the south tower. The clock dates back to 1444 and is still functioning today. Every hour, little figures come out and dance around while music plays. It's really quite something to see!
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5. Visit Natural History Museum
When you think of a natural history museum, chances are good that the first thing that comes to mind is a stuffy old building full of dusty old bones. But the Natural History Museum in Mainz, Germany is nothing like that. In fact, it's one of the most unique and innovative museums I've ever had the pleasure of visiting.
The museum is divided into two main sections: the "living museum" and the "dead museum." The living museum is home to a variety of animals, including reptiles, amphibians, birds, and mammals. The dead museum, as you might have guessed, is where you'll find the bones and fossils. But even the dead museum is far from dull; it's full of interactive exhibits that bring the past to life.
One of my favorite parts of the museum was the "time machine" exhibit. This exhibit allows visitors to experience what it was like to live in different time periods by simulating different environments. For example, you can step into a replica of a dinosaur nest or an Ice Age cave. It's really like taking a journey through time!
Another highlight of the Natural History Museum is its planetarium. The planetarium shows are educational and entertaining, and they're definitely worth checking out if you have the chance. Trust me, you've never seen anything like it!
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6. Visit Weingut Robert Weil
Set against the backdrop of the Rhine River, Weingut Robert Weil is one of Germany's most beautiful and renowned wineries. Founded in 1857, the vineyard has been passed down through five generations of the Weil family and is currently run by brothers Johannes and Cornelius.
Visitors can take a tour of the vineyard and wine cellar, enjoy a wine tasting, and purchase bottles of wine to take home with them.
The tour starts in the vineyard, where you'll learn about the different grape varieties that are grown on the property. You'll then head into the wine cellar, where you'll see how the grapes are transformed into wine. The tour ends with a wine tasting in which you'll sample some of the estate's finest wines.
If you find a wine that you like during the tasting, you can purchase it to take home with you. Bottles start at €10 and can be shipped worldwide. If you're not able to make it to Mainz, you can also purchase wines from Weingut Robert Weil's online shop.
7. Visit Roman Theatre
The Roman Theatre in Mainz, Germany is a must-see for any traveler. This ancient structure is one of the best-preserved Roman theatres in the world and provides a unique glimpse into the past. The theatre was built around 14-15 AD and could originally seat up to 5,000 people. Today, it is still used for performances and events.
The first thing you'll notice when you enter the theatre is its size. The theatre is huge! It's easy to imagine how 5,000 people could have fit into this space. As you walk around, you'll see the different tiers of seating that were used by spectators. You can also see where the actors would have entered and exited the stage.
If you're lucky, you might even catch a performance while you're visiting. The theatre hosts a wide variety of events throughout the year, from musical performances to plays.
8. Visit Ingelheim Fortified Church
The Ingelheim Fortified Church is a beautiful example of Romanesque architecture. The church is located in the town of Ingelheim, which is about 20 kilometers southwest of Mainz, Germany.
The church was built in the 11th century and has been well-preserved. It is a popular tourist destination for those who are interested in history and architecture.
The church is open to the public and there are guided tours available. The tour takes you through the different parts of the church and tells you about its history. You can also see the Gothic expansion of the church, which was added in the 13th century. The tour takes about an hour and a half.
If you are interested in history and architecture, then you will enjoy visiting Ingelheim Fortified Church Mainz.
9. Visit Evangelische Christuskirche
This church, also known as the Gothic Hallenkirche, is one of the most beautiful and unique buildings in the city. The exterior is marked by its soaring spires, while the interior is full of stunning stained glass windows and intricate stone carvings.
Evangelische Christuskirche was built in the 14th century on the site of an earlier Romanesque church. Construction took nearly 200 years to complete and was finally finished in 1655. The church sustained heavy damage during World War II but was meticulously restored in the 1950s. Today, it stands as a beautiful reminder of Mainz's rich history.
When you first step inside Evangelische Christuskirche, you'll be awestruck by the sheer size of the space. The nave is over 150 feet long and lined with 28 columns on each side.
Be sure to look up at the stunning stained glass windows that date back to the 15th century. And don't miss the carved stone pulpit—it's truly a work of art! After taking some time to explore the main body of the church, head downstairs to see the crypts where some of Mainz's most famous citizens are buried.
10. Visit Roman Aqueduct Ruins
The ancient aqueducts built by the Romans are some of the most impressive feats of engineering in history.
So, when I found out that there were well-preserved aqueduct ruins just a stone's throw from where I was living in Germany, I knew I had to check them out. And I'm so glad I did! The Roman Aqueduct Ruins in Mainz are truly a sight to behold.
The Roman Aqueduct Ruins in Mainz are located just outside the city center, near the river Rhine. They are free to visit and are open every day from sunrise to sunset. When you first arrive, it's hard to believe that these ruins are almost 2,000 years old. The arches are still standing tall and the stone is surprisingly well-preserved.
As you walk around the ruins, you can't help but imagine what it must have been like to see this aqueduct in its heyday. It's truly amazing to think about how such a complex structure was built without modern technology.
If you're interested in learning more about the history of the aqueduct, there is a small museum on-site with information in both German and English.
11. Visit Mainzer Unterwelten
Discover the Secrets of Mainz, Germany underground.
Mainzer Unterwelten is a hidden gem in the city of Mainz, Germany. This subterranean world offers a glimpse into the city's past and is well worth a visit for any traveler looking to explore beyond the usual tourist attractions.
Mainzer Unterwelten is a network of tunnels, caves, and cellars that extends for miles beneath the city of Mainz. It was originally created as a refuge from air raids during World War II, but today it serves as a unique tourist attraction.
Visitors can take guided tours of the tunnels, which are filled with artifacts from the war and the city's history.
The tour takes you through the air raid shelter, which was built to protect up to 4,000 people from bombings during the war. You'll also see the living quarters that were used by German soldiers, as well as the hospital and morgue that were located in the tunnels.
The tour ends in the wine cellar, which is now used as an event space for concerts and other cultural events.
12. Visit Drususstein in Mainz
Drususstein is a must-see destination for anyone visiting Mainz, Germany. This ancient Roman ruin is one of the most well-preserved Roman sites in all of Germany. The site is named after Drusus the Younger, son of the Roman Emperor Tiberius, who was killed in battle near Mainz in 9 BCE.
Drususstein consists of a massive stone bridge that spans the Rhine River, as well as an adjacent palace complex. The ruins are open to the public and there is no admission fee.
The bridge was built in 20 BCE and was used by Roman soldiers to cross the river. Today, only a few pillars remain standing, but it's still an impressive sight. The complex includes a bathhouse, living quarters, and an outdoor amphitheater. If you're interested in learning more about the history of Drususstein, there are several informational plaques located throughout the site.
Mainz is a beautiful German city with plenty to see and do. From exploring its rich history to enjoying its culture and food, you won't be disappointed with a trip to Mainz! Be sure to add these must-see places to your itinerary when you visit.
Best Hotels to Sleep in Mainz
When planning a trip to Mainz, finding the right hotel is essential to having a good time. This list of hotels has everything you need for a comfortable and enjoyable stay.
Select Hotel Mainz - is centrally located, making it easy to get around and explore all that Mainz has to offer. They're just a short walk from the historic city center and all of the main sights and attractions. And, if you're looking to venture out beyond Mainz, the hotel is also conveniently located near public transportation options.
All of their rooms are spacious and well-appointed, with everything you need for a relaxing stay. And, if you're traveling with family or friends, they also offer larger suites that are perfect for groups.
Address: Haifa-Allee 8, 55128 Mainz, Germany
Hilton Hotel Mainz - After a long day of sightseeing or business meetings, it's nice to be able to relax in your hotel room. And at the Hilton Mainz hotel, you'll definitely be able to relax! The rooms are spacious and well-equipped with everything you need for a comfortable stay.
Each room comes with a minibar, coffee and tea-making facilities, an HDTV with international channels, and complimentary WiFi. And if you're traveling with family or friends and need some extra space, there are also suites available that come with separate living areas and kitchenettes.
Address: Münsterstraße 11, 55116 Mainz, Germany
Novotel Hotel Mainz - If you're looking for a comfortable place to stay in Mainz, the Novotel Hotel is a great option. The rooms are spacious and well equipped, with everything you need for a relaxing stay.
The staff is friendly and helpful, and they're always willing to go the extra mile to make sure you're happy with your stay. The location is also great - it's centrally located and within walking distance of many of the city's attractions. I would definitely recommend this hotel to anyone looking for a place to stay in Mainz.
Address: Augustusstraße 6, 55131 Mainz, Germany
These are some of our favorite hotels in the city that will help you get a good night’s sleep so you can enjoy everything Mainz has to offer.